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Ports & Ships Maritime News

16 February 2016
Author: Terry Hutson

Bringing you shipping, freight, trade and transport related news of interest for Africa since 2002


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LOUIS aad noorland 14 02 16 2 CR 480

The diminutive LPG tanker LOUIS (6,416-dwt, built 2015) is seen at E/Mole in the port of Cape Town harbour on Sunday. The Panamanian flagged tanker is owned by Swiss interests and managed by Geogas Trading also of Switzerland and is becoming a regular caller at the Cape. Picture is by Aad Noorland

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Phumuzi Sigasa, head of TNPA's Port Security Portfolio (left) and Richard Vallihu, Chief Executive of TNPA, inside the newly renovated control room located at the Port of Durban which went live with TNPA's new R843 million port security system on 12 February 2016.

Transnet National Ports Authority (TNPA) has introduced a new port security system which it describes as state-of-the-art and valued at R843 million. The system will safeguard customer cargo, port users, as well as Transnet's own port assets, staff and contractors, says TNPA.

"The National Ports Act 12 of 2005 and the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code of 2004 dictate that we as a port authority implement measures to assist in detecting security threats and take preventative measures against security incidents that may affect ships or port facilities used in international trade," says Richard Vallihu, TNPA Chief Executive.

Phumuzi Sigasa, head of TNPA's Port Security Portfolio said that in conformance with regulations and TNPA's own Integrated Security Management Systems -- Security Strategy Plan, an upgraded security system is being rolled out across all eight South African commercial ports and at TNPA's head office in Johannesburg. "CCTV is but one aspect of our broader integrated technological security system which encompasses technology, skills, systems and procedures," he said.

The CCTV system will be integrated between all port sites and the head office to give a bird's eye view of the port security environment. It comprises 2100 high definition cameras across the various sites -- more than double the previous 864 -- as well as long range cameras to monitor all port channel entrances and outer anchorages.

The newly renovated control room located at the Port of Durban was the first to go live on 12 February 2016. It boasts state-of-the-art video walls for added visibility across the port. Vehicle security within the port perimeters will also be enhanced through license plate recognition.

The system will also facilitate increased night visibility through thermal imaging that can detect heat emitted by objects or bodies, especially in low visibility areas and through smoke, fog and haze.

Some of the most common security incidents in South African ports can include stowaways, theft of cargo and damage or theft of assets owned by Transnet and other port users.

The high-tech security system will further entrench the position of South African ports as 'smartpeoplePORTS', said TNPA in a statement. Other notable 'smart' port systems include the web-based Integrated Port Management System (IPMS) which was rolled out across all eight ports in 2015, enabling key port operations to be managed online and in real time. Transnet is also looking at ways to make the ports more 'people centric' and accessible to the public while still maintaining safety and security.

Editorial Comment
One way to achieve the last statement would be to re-open Durban's North Pier to the general public -- something that has been the subject of unfulfilled promises from as far back as 2010 -- editor P&S

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CMA CGM Danube alongside at the Port of Walvis Bay. Picture: Namport

The French line's 9,200-TEU capacity CMA CGM DANUBE (112,580-dwt) container vessel made her maiden visit at the Namibian port of Walvis Bay recently, which is in line with the vision of the Port Expansion project, and, says Namport, this is the beginning of exciting things yet to come. The container vessel which has an overall length x breadth extreme of 299.95m x 48.2m, was built in 2014 in China by the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company.

"The visit of MV Danube complements our port expansion project which accommodates greater carrying capacity and thus generating the capability for demand in the maritime trade industry. After the completion of the port expansion project this vessel will be accommodated at the new container terminal," Namport said in a statement.

The ship subsequenthly sailed for Luanda in Angola and Pointe Noire in the Congo Brazzaville, before returning to Cape Town and then on to Asia. Danube will visit 12 ports in Asia before returning to the Port of Walvis Bay on Friday, 6 May 2016.

Construction of the Namport new container terminal commenced in May 2014 with the envisaged date of commissioning set for May 2017. The project is currently at 38 percent of completion. Namport says it embarked on this mega infrastructure development project to enhance its competitiveness and sustainability in the Southern African Development Community.

The Port Authority is expanding its container terminal facilities in the form of a 40 hectare new island of reclaimed land at the Port of Walvis Bay which will increase container handling capacity at the port from 350,000 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) to 1 Million TEUs per annum.

This will result in larger vessels with deeper draft being accommodated at the -16 metre CD quay, and container handling productivity will be substantially enhanced through the first ever ship-to-shore cranes in the port.

Editorial Comment
CMA CGM Danube is one of a number of mid-range vessels cascaded off the Asia-Europe main line services when replaced with mega-size container ships. As with similar cases involving the South African port of Durban the above ship will operate not fully loaded -- editor P&S.

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Company of Master Mariners of India Chairman, Captain Philip Matthews.

The Company of Master Mariners of India (CMMI) is backing new container weight safety measures coming into force in 2016 to drive national exports of goods in containers.

This decision came as the Mumbai-based shipping association -- which has more than 3000 master mariners and captains within its membership -- prepared to present a white paper to the Indian Government's Ministry of Shipping.

The report centred around key amendments to SOLAS which will make container weight verification a legally binding condition for all vessels from 1 July this year.

CMMI chairman Captain Philip Mathews said the measures are urgently needed to ensure proper safety of cargo, seafarers and ships sailing the globe.

"We applaud the International Maritime Organization's decision to approve cargo weight amendments to SOLAS. Essentially, the new measures mean every shipper, including the consigner, exporter or seller of the cargo, will have to verify gross weight of each cargo container before loading it onto the ship. The cargo weight verification process provides a universal stamp of approval. We believe it is a long overdue measure and one which will greatly enhance India's position in the cargo exports market. It will ensure a level playing field and transparency with all shippers delivering accurate declarations of gross container weights."

Captain Matthews, who recently spoke out at the CMMI conference with the theme Safe Containers -- Steering Changes in Mumbai, said the landmark regulation change will mark a historic date for the global shipping sector.

He added: "It is estimated that about one third of over 130 million cargo containers shipped everyday across the globe have inaccurately declared weights. It is a grave safety concern for the ship, and also a huge issue for the environment. More importantly the risk to human life is severe, casualties may occur and ships could capsize or sink due to excess, misdeclared or miscalculated weights of the loaded cargo containers."

The paradigm of container weight verification has been neglected globally for years, said the Government of India Director General of Shipping, Deepak Shetty. "I am extremely happy that necessary amendments to SOLAS will soon become effective in the interest of the Indian maritime sector. And, I suggest that correctness of weights of the cargo containers to be loaded onto the ships should certainly be certified by legal metrology."

Fifty-four Master Mariners serving in Indian ports, in government, with shipping companies and in ships at sea, founded the Company of Master Mariners in 1956 with similar aims and objects to the Honourable Company of Master Mariner based in HQS Wellington, London.

CMMI has offices in Bangalore, Chandigarh, Chennai, Dehradun, Delhi, Goa, Kochi, Mangalore, Patna, Pune and Vizag.

Paul Ridgway

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Mozambique's annual rail capacity is to be increased by 31.5 million tons once the line between Moatize and Nacala, known as the Nacala Logistics Corridor, is completed with the coming months, together with the strengthening of the Sena Railway between Moatize and the Port of Beira.

The Nacala Logistics Corridor will have the capacity to transport 18 million tons of cargo per year and will serve mainly the coal industry at a time when some exporters are facing logistical problems that make it even more difficult to continue operating at a profit, given the low prices of the commodity.

The opening of the line led the Economist Intelligence Unit to revise coal production forecasts upwards in the short term, allowing for a faster increase in exports in 2016 and 2017 and, consequently, a smaller current account deficit for Mozambique.

"Nacala will finally ease transport bottlenecks in the Mozambique coal industry," the EIU said in its latest report on the country.

About 18 months behind schedule and costing more than the initial budget, the 902-kilometre line and associated deep water port were developed by Brazilian group Vale, which has a concession on Mozambique's largest coal mine in Moatize, which can now increase production and reduce average costs.

Construction of the proposed US$3.5 billion dollar project started in 2012 when the price of coal was over US$100 per ton, double the amount recorded at the end of 2015, leading the major producers such as Vale, Jindal Power, International Coal Ventures Limited (ICVL) and Beacon Hills Resources to delay expansion plans.

"For the rest of the industry, Nacala will free up space on the Sena line, the only one available," but the Mozambican coal industry will remain below its potential, said the EIU.

The new railway is also used by other mining companies to transport their production, while state port and rail company CFM will use it to transport passengers and general cargo.

The provincial governor of Nampula, Victor Borges, said recently that the second phase of the works to modernise and expand the port of Nacala, at a cost of US$270 million, could begin this year and tenders are currently being prepared.

In the first half of this year work to increase the capacity of the Sena line is due to be completed, increasing the capacity from 6.5 million to 20 million tons per year, said the provincial director for Transport and Communications of Sofala, Helcio Canda.

The Sena line links the port of Beira to Moatize, between the provinces of Sofala and Tete, over a total length of 575 kilometres, including the Inhamitanga/Marromeu branchline. source: macauhub

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Liebherr mobile harbour crane LHM 550

The Port Equipment Manufacturers Association (PEMA), the global industry body for port equipment and technology, has published a new information paper on the structural examination of container handling cranes in ports and terminals.

The paper is designed to increase understanding of the risks posed by fatigue failure, highlight the importance of structural examination and give practical guidance to help terminal personnel to detect cracks through visual examination of ship-to-shore (STS), rail mounted gantry (RMG) and rubber tyred gantry (RTG) container handling cranes. The paper states that, while visual examination by non-specialists is better than doing nothing, this should not replace following a proper inspection programme by the crane maker or a trained professional.

Fatigue damage is the initiation and growth of cracks in material caused by repeatedly applied loads. It is the progressive and localised structural damage that occurs when a material is subjected to cyclic loading. All operating loads contribute to this damage. It can take 15 years or more for dangerous cracks to be detectable.

According to data from the insurance firm TT Club, the third biggest source of equipment claims in ports worldwide is fatigue damage. Fatigue failures in port equipment, especially STS cranes, pose a significant human safety, economic and operational risk. The authors of the paper estimate that, of the worldwide fleet of 5,000 STS cranes, each year around 150 will develop a fatigue crack that can result in the failure of a critical member.

The paper corrects the common misunderstanding that after a crane has been reviewed and load tested by a certifier and received its annual inspection certificate, there is no chance of fatigue failure in the following year. In fact, certification only demonstrates that that crane can carry the design load, but says nothing about the presence and growth of fatigue cracks.

The main part of the paper looks at what causes fatigue failure and provides a detailed and extensively illustrated guide to practical structural examination that covers what to look for and where to look for it. The paper highlights fracture critical members (FCMs) and points out typical crack locations. It highlights the importance of regular visual inspections, but advises that operators should engage a professional to conduct in-depth examination of critical points on the cranes on a periodic basis.

The paper was prepared by Simo Hoite and Michael Jordan of Liftech Consultants, Hannu Oja of Konecranes, David Moosbrugger of Kunz, Theo Scheijven and Walter Oostwouder of APM Terminals, and Michael Tanner and James Scanlon of Liebherr Container Cranes.

The new report is the 9th information paper to be published by PEMA and builds on technology briefings covering RFID, OCR, container yard automation and laser technology. PEMA has also published best practice papers on standard safety specifications for yard equipment and minimum safety specifications for quay container cranes. All publications are available for free download at ww.pema.org/publications/.

About PEMA
Founded in 2004, PEMA provides a forum and public voice for the global port equipment and technology sectors. The Association has seen strong growth in recent years, and now has over 95 member companies representing all facets of the industry, including crane, equipment and component manufacturers; automation, software and technology providers; consultants and other experts.

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ICHCA Conf Feb 2016 2

ICHCA International, the global cargo handling NGO association, has confirmed that Olaf Merk, Administrator Ports and Shipping at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) International Transport Forum (ITF) and Captain Sandeep Mehta, President, Adani Ports & SEZ, India, will speak on the first day of the ICHCA International 2016 Conference on Bigger Ships, Greater Challenges, running from 29 February to 2 March at the World Trade Centre, Barcelona, Spain.

Merk is the co-author of OECD's 100-page report on The Impact of Mega-Ships, published last May. The report assessed the cost savings from bigger ships, weighed them against the increase in transport costs and supply chain risks and called for public policies to take better account of these risks.

While managing the OECD Port-Cities Programme, Merk also directed more than a dozen studies on port cities, including Hamburg, Hong Kong and Shanghai, and has written various port-related articles in academic and professional journals.

Speaking on 1 March in a morning session entitled Bigger Ships, Greater Challenges: Risks & Responses, Olaf Merk will update delegates on the industry-wide impact of bigger ships. He will be joined by Chris Welsh, Secretary General, Global Shippers' Forum, Santiago Garcia Mila, President, International Association of Ports & Harbors (IAPH) and Gunther Bonz, President, Federation of European Private Port Operators.

On the same day, Captain Sandeep Mehta will be the first speaker in an afternoon session on Rising to new Demands in Port Operations & Landside Logistics: Comparing International Experiences. Captain Mehta has over 22 years' experience in the industry and has held various positions at P&O Nedlloyd, Maersk Line and APM Terminals Mumbai.

Adani Ports & SEZ is India's largest private multi-port operator. It is part of the Adani Group, an integrated infrastructure corporation, and operates a number of ports in India, including Mundra port -- India's largest private commercial port. The company is investing heavily in building the country's infrastructure, including plans announced this January to develop Mundra into a transhipment hub for the Middle East, South Asia and India, with an annual capacity of 3.1 million TEU.

Captain Mehta will be speaking about current and future demands for ports and logistics operations in India to meet new economic and trade needs, as well as accommodate larger vessels. He will be followed by speakers from Japan, Ivory Coast, Morocco, Ghana and Australia in a session that will provide a unique opportunity for debate between representatives of fast-growing economies and some of the world's longest-established container markets.

"We are very happy to have confirmed Olaf Merk and Captain Sandeep Mehta as speakers," said David Bendall, Chairman, ICHCA International. "They will add depth and an extra international perspective to an already outstanding line-up of senior speakers. We are looking forward to intense and productive debate around the key issues the industry is facing."

Bringing together a cross-section of industry and institutional stakeholders, including keynotes from the Secretary General of the IMO and Deputy Head of Cabinet for the EU Transport Commission, the ICHCA International 2016 Conference includes two days of sessions, a site visit to the Port of Barcelona, one of the Mediterranean's largest and most diverse cargo handling and logistics hubs.

Paul Ridgway

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Port Louis - Indian Ocean gateway port

Ports & Ships publishes regularly updated SHIP MOVEMENT reports including ETAs for ports extending from West Africa to South Africa to East Africa and including Port Louis in Mauritius.

In the case of South Africa's container ports of Durban, Ngqura, Ports Elizabeth and Cape Town links to container Stack Dates are also available.

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QM2 in Cape Town. Picture by Ian Shiffman

We publish news about the cruise industry here in the general news section, but this is also available in a dedicated Cruise News section. This section will include various stories and news not covered in the general news so if you have an interest in this sector don't forget to check regularly on our CRUISE NEWS page.

This you will find here in CRUISE NEWS & REVIEWS

Naval News
SA Navy 480

Similarly you can read our regular Naval News reports and stories which also have their own dedicated section, although some stories may be duplicated in the general news section.

Find the Naval Review section HERE

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Insignia DSC 1744r 480

Oceania Cruises' INSIGNIA (30,277-gt, built 1998) paid Durban a return call on Sunday as she made her way up the east coast, calling at Richards Bay yesterday. The lower photograph shows the ship having turned to go alongside at the N-berth passenger terminal and makes for an interesting view across the bay and across part of an exposed sandbank on which fishermen are hunting for cracker shrimp and sea lice bait. The pictures are by Ken Malcolm


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