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Ports & Ships Maritime News

16 November  2011
Author: Terry Hutson

Bringing you shipping, freight, trade and transport related news of interest for Africa since 2002

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The cruise ship MSC SINFONIA seen arriving off Cape Town on Tuesday, 8 November. The ship is currently on her second cruise out of 37 departures that she will make from Durban before returning to the Mediterranean at the end of March 2012. This picture is by Clinton Wyness

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South Africa – open for business

Pretoria, 15 November - South Africa has enormous potential as an investment destination that offers promising opportunities in automotive components, aerospace, chemicals and agro-processing, says Trade and Investment Minister Rob Davies.

Speaking at the Emirates Business Forum, held as part of President Jacob Zuma’s visit to that country, Davies made a strong case for South Africa, saying it was a promising emerging market in the world that presented a basket of investment opportunities.

Beyond these lucrative opportunities, Davies said the existence of co-operation between government and the private sector in the South African market put the country at an advantageous position, particularly in the global markets.

“Currently South Africa is the largest investor within the African continent, with our companies having established valuable expertise, knowledge and the required relationships to succeed in this promising market.

“By combining expertise and developing synergies, we believe that our companies could contribute to the socio-economic development of the African continent,” he told the business people.

Detailing some of the facts and successes, the minister mentioned South Africa’s ability to recover after the 2008 economic recession; the World Bank report which ranked South Africa 34th out of 183 in the world for the ease of doing business in 2010, and the fact that South Africa was a gateway to the SADC region.

“We are confident that there are enormous opportunities in our country and the sub-continent, particularly for upgrading existing or new investments in manufacturing across a range of sectors both for domestic demand and export, including to the emerging African markets,” he said, adding that there was greater room to grow the volume of two-way trade and to create a more diversified balance of SA exports.

As it is, the United Arab Emirates is the 24th largest investor in South Africa, and has invested a total of R 1.07 billion since 2003, representing 0.25 percent of total capital investment in SA, whereas South Africa is the 19th largest investor in the UAE, having invested R 3.33 billion since 2003.

Trade between the two countries increased by 80 percent during the period 2006 – 2010. Although South Africa has a R361 million trade deficit with the UAE, exports amounted to R 6.1 billion during 2010, with imports totalling R6.5 billion.

Davies is part of Zuma’s delegation on the two-nation tour of the Gulf region. On Monday, Zuma visited the UAE and will visit Oman from Tuesday to Wednesday, with the aim of identifying greater investment opportunities for the country. – BuaNews

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Map courtesy Ecoterra

by Aweys Cadde, Somalia Report Local officials and police of Gara’ad district of Mudug region in Somalia’s semi-autonomous state of Puntland, with the help of residents and elders, have successfully removed pirates from the district and surrounding areas.

Gara’ad Police Commissioner Colonel Abdilahi Khalif Karakoot spoke to Somalia Report about the operation which lasted several weeks.

“We captured many vehicles from the pirates as well as nine speed boats they were going to use to hijack other ships,” he explained.

“We foiled more than ten plans to hijack ships. We captured dozens of pirates and transferred them to Galkayo. We received help from Mudug region administration to fight against the pirates,” said the commissioner.

The commissioner explained that at the moment there are no pirates in the district or surrounding areas due to the successful operation carried out by the security forces with the support of the local elders and residents.

“The residents are very happy that pirates have been eradicated from the district. The sound of gunfire has also dramatically decreased since the pirates left,” he said.

“The people understood that pirates were portraying a bad image of Somalia and decided to fight against them,” Karakoot added.

Gara’ad was one of the biggest bases for pirates, which they used to anchor hijacked ships as they waited for ransom. source – SomaliaReport.com

Pakistani seafarers released

Somalia Report says that 11 Pakistani seafarers who have been held in captivity by Somali pirates for 10 months, have been released after negotiations involving local officials.

“Some of the pirates supported us in the negotiations and thanks to God the hostages are now free,” he said. “They are in Adado now and arrangements are being made to transport them to their country.” The Pakistani’s were captured on their fishing vessel ten months ago and their vessel was subsequently used as a pirate mother ship.

The report says that no ransom was paid for their release.

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An IMO-commissioned study into the impact of mandatory energy efficiency measures for international shipping shows that implementation of the measures will lead to significant reductions of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from ships, specifically reductions of carbon dioxide (CO2), resulting from enhanced fuel efficiency.

The study found that, by 2020, an average of 151.5 million tonnes of annual CO2 reductions are estimated from the introduction of the measures, a figure that by 2030 will increase to an average of 330 million tonnes annually. CO2 reduction measures will result in a significant reduction in fuel consumption, leading to a significant saving in fuel costs to the shipping industry.

The study, Assessment of IMO mandated energy efficiency measures for international shipping, was launched on Monday (14 November) ahead of the forthcoming United Nations Climate Change Conference, to be held in Durban from 28 November to 9 December, 2011.

IMO will report to that Conference on the breakthrough adoption, in July 2011 at IMO's Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC), of mandatory technical and operational measures to reduce GHG emissions from international shipping.

Amendments to the International Convention on the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), Annex VI Regulations for the prevention of air pollution from ships, add a new chapter on Regulations on energy efficiency for ships. The regulations will apply to all ships of 400 gross tonnage and above and are expected to enter into force on 1 January 2013.

This new chapter makes mandatory the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) for new ships, which, in essence, requires new ships to be designed to be more energy efficient (and thereby release less greenhouse gases). The regulations are non-prescriptive: as long as the required energy-efficiency level is attained, ship designers and builders are free to use the most cost-efficient solution or solutions for each particular ship.

The new regulations also make mandatory a Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan (SEEMP) for all ships. This is a plan which sets out, for an individual ship, how energy savings can be made. There are a variety of options to improve efficiency – speed optimization, weather routeing and hull maintenance, for example – and the best package of measures for a ship to improve efficiency differs to a great extent depending upon ship type, cargo, route and other factors. The new regulations make such a ship-specific plan mandatory thereby encouraging the shipping industry to review its practices in a systematic way to find the best balance.

Amongst the key findings, the report (undertaken by Lloyd’s Register (LR) in partnership with Det Norske Veritas (DNV)) found that:

- By 2020, an average of 151.5 million tonnes of annual CO2 reductions are estimated from the introduction of the EEDI for new ships and the SEEMP for all ships in operation, a figure that by 2030, will increase to an average of 330 million tonnes annually.

- Compared with Business as Usual (BAU), the average annual reductions in CO2 emissions and fuel consumed are estimated between 13% and 23% by 2020 and 2030 respectively.

- CO2 reduction measures will result in a significant reduction in fuel consumption, leading to a significant saving in fuel costs to the shipping industry, although these savings require deeper investments in more efficient ships and more sophisticated technologies, as well as new practices.

- Significant reduction of CO2 emissions from ships due to EEDI and SEEMP regulations is foreseen to 2050 with emission reduction due to SEEMP likely to be realised more rapidly than that for EEDI, as the effect of EEDI will occur only as and when older, less efficient, tonnage is replaced by new, more efficient tonnage.

- The estimated reductions in CO2 emissions, for combined EEDI and SEEMP, from the world fleet translate into a significant annual fuel cost saving of about US$50 billion in 2020 and about US$200 billion by 2030; using fuel price increase scenarios that take into account the switch to low-sulphur fuel in 2020.

- Mandatory application of EEDI will drive more energy-efficient ship design and realise the CO2 emission reduction potential associated with technical innovation and the use of lower or no carbon fuels.

- The mandatory use of SEEMP based on current IMO regulations will provide a procedural framework for shipping companies to recognise the importance of the operational energy- saving activities. It will significantly boost the level of awareness and, if implemented properly, will lead to a positive cultural change.

- Investigations show that ship hydrodynamic and main engine optimisation will bring about energy-saving opportunities of up to around 10% with no significant additional cost of shipbuilding.

The IMO regulations represent the first-ever mandatory energy efficiency measures for an international transport sector and their adoption followed several years of work on the matter. Work is now progressing on market-based measures, with intensive work to review a number of different proposals, submitted by Governments and observer organizations.

Further work will be carried out on market-based measures in 2012. Such measures would place a price on greenhouse gas emissions, thereby providing both an economic incentive for the maritime industry to invest in more fuel-efficient ships and technologies and to operate ships in a more energy-efficient manner and a mechanism to offset growing ship emissions in other sectors. In addition, these measures can generate funds that could be used, for example, for projects to mitigate climate change in developing countries.

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A handsome looking DOAL (German East Africa Line) freighter SWELLENDAM enters Durban harbour one day early in 1970. Picture by Trevor Jones

Image and video hosting by TinyPic The VNS freighter ZONNEKERK (9079-gt, built 1957) arriving in Durban on a sunny winter’s day in 1969. Picture by Trevor Jones

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